What Is U47 Microphone? Unveiling the Legend in Music Production

Discover the iconic Neumann U47 microphone and its impact in music production. Unleash your creativity at Abbey Road Institute. Explore now!

When capturing pristine audio quality, few tools are as revered and sought-after as the U47 microphone. Designed in the 1940s by Neumann, this legendary piece of audio equipment has revolutionized the way we record sound. Even after more than seven decades since its inception, the U47 microphone remains a timeless icon in the world of professional audio engineering.

In this blog post, we will embark on a journey to uncover the secrets and sonic wonders of the U47 microphone. From its historical significance to its unparalleled sound reproduction capabilities, we’ll explore what makes this microphone an enduring favorite among musicians, producers, and audio enthusiasts alike.

What is the u47 microphone? The U 47 was the first microphone that Georg Neumann GmbH produced in postwar Berlin, and it quickly became the industry standard in the early 1950s and beyond. It has the appropriate frequencies for the human voice, making it the king of vocal microphones.

What is the Neumann U47 microphone?

The Neumann U47 is the forefather of large diaphragm condenser microphones, producing a distinct sound that showcases the vocals of legendary musicians of the time. It has the appropriate frequencies for the human voice, making it the king of vocal microphones.

Image of u47 microphone.
Image of u47 microphone.

But what makes the Neumann U47 microphone truly special? Its carefully crafted circuit design and those unique components make it sing like no other. The VF14 valve, which sounds like something out of a sci-fi movie, is the heart and soul of the U47. It’s a little pricey and hard to come by but trust me; it’s worth every penny. The Neumann U47 microphone isn’t just a piece of gear—it’s a gateway to a world of sonic wonders.

History of the u47 microphone

The U47 microphone holds a significant place in the history of audio recording. Introduced by Neumann in 1947 as their first microphone after World War II, the U47 quickly became one of the most famous studio microphones. Manufactured between 1949 and 1965, the original U47 models featured a tube design and initially used the M7 capsule, later replaced by the K47 in 1958.

The U47’s circuitry was built around the Telefunken VF 14 M vacuum tube, known for its low noise characteristics and unique high heater voltage. This contributed to the microphone’s exceptional signal-to-noise ratio, a quality that remains highly regarded even today. The combination of the M7 or K47 capsule, the tube, and the transformer resulted in a sonic magic that made the U47 a coveted tool for recording vocals and instruments.

…it’s important to note that all U47 microphones were developed and manufactured by Neumann.

Telefunken played a significant role in the distribution of U47 microphones, and some historic U47 models bear the Telefunken logo. However, it’s important to note that all U47 microphones were developed and manufactured by Neumann.

Over the years, the U47 microphone has earned its place among the all-time preferred tube recording microphones, often referred to as “The Big Five”. While the original U47 models are no longer in production, Neumann reissued the U47 FET in 2014, ensuring that the microphone’s legacy continues to captivate recording engineers and musicians.

Features of U47 microphones

TypeLarge-diaphragm condenser microphone
Polar PatternSwitchable between cardioid and omnidirectional
CapsuleM7 dual diaphragm condenser capsule
TubeVF 14 M vacuum tube (discontinued in 1965)
CircuitrySolid-state circuitry (discrete op-amps) in the U47 FET
TransducerK47 large diaphragm condenser capsule
Sound CharacteristicsAdds a noble sheen to voices and instruments, producing a sound that is often described as beautiful and larger than the sound source itself
ApplicationsPopular for recording vocals, instruments such as brass, double bass, and guitar amps, and as a bass drum microphone
Handling High SPLSuitable for a wide range of applications, including vocals, guitar cabinets, kick drums, brass instruments, upright bass, and bass cabinets [3]
Unique MountingComes with a unique one-sided swivel mount for easy positioning
Additional ControlsIncludes pad and low-cut switches on the rear of the microphone, and an output signal attenuation switch for 6 dB reduction
The key features of the U47 microphone
Image of u47 microphone on a mic stand with black backdrop.
Image of u47 microphone on a mic stand with black backdrop.
My favorite MIDI keyboard (at the moment):

AKAI Professional MPK Mini MK3

What is u47 microphone? Unveiling the legend in music production | 717qmgla7zl. Ac sl1500 | audio apartment
My favorite MIDI keyboard (at the moment):

AKAI Professional MPK Mini MK3

I’m loving the AKAI MPK Mini MK3 for its compact design and the range of controls. It’s one of my essential tools. The velocity-sensitive keys and MPC-style pads are great for making beats, while the thumbstick and knobs give me precise control.

What is the contribution of Abbey Road to the U47 microphone?

The contribution of Abbey Road to the U47 microphone is primarily in its extensive use and association with the studio. Abbey Road Studios, known for its iconic recording sessions with artists like the Beatles, has been closely connected to the U47 microphone throughout its history.

Abbey Road Institute

Abbey Road Institute is fortunate to have a Neumann U47 microphone in its collection, which is considered one of the best microphones in the world. The institute aims to provide its students with industry-standard equipment, and the U47 is highly regarded for its incredibly detailed and smooth sound. Having this legendary microphone allows students to experience and learn with top-quality recording equipment.

Abbey road studios

The U47 microphone has been a staple at Abbey Road Studios for many decades. It is often seen in photographs of singers and vocal recording sessions at the studio over the past 60 years. Numerous renowned artists, ranging from Cliff Richard to Little Richard, Maria Callas to Ella Fitzgerald, and John Lennon to Adele, have used the U47 microphone at Abbey Road Studios.

Modification to U48 specifications

An interesting note from the book “Recording the Beatles” suggests that Abbey Road Studios sent many of their U47 microphones back to Neumann in the early 1960s to have them modified to U48 specifications. The U48 model features a figure-of-eight polar pattern in addition to the cardioid, providing greater side rejection compared to the omnidirectional pattern of the U47.

The Beatles’ U47 microphone collection at Abbey Road Studios

Microphone ModelQuantityYear ManufacturedNotable Tracks
Neumann U4731956, 1962, 1963“Hey Jude,” “Yesterday,” “A Day in the Life”
Telefunken ELA M 25121964, 1965“Let It Be,” “Strawberry Fields Forever”
AKG C1211967“Eleanor Rigby”
RCA 44-BX21963, 1964“Twist and Shout,” “She Loves You”
A glimpse into the microphone collection at Abbey Road Studios, showcasing the models used by the Beatles on some of their most famous tracks.

Advantages and disadvantages of U47 microphones

Here are some advantages and disadvantages of embracing this legendary combination:


  • Access to Industry-Standard Equipment: With Abbey Road Institute, you’ll have the opportunity to work with top-of-the-line gear, including the iconic Neumann U47 microphone, giving your recordings that professional touch.
  • Learn from Experts in the Field: The institute’s knowledgeable staff comprises experienced professionals who have honed their skills in the music industry. You’ll receive guidance and mentorship from the very best, helping you unlock your creative potential.
  • Connection to a Thriving Community: Abbey Road Institute fosters a vibrant community of like-minded individuals who share your passion for music production and sound engineering. Collaborate, network, and grow alongside fellow music enthusiasts.


  • Financial Investment: Pursuing an Advanced Diploma in Music Production and Sound Engineering involves financial commitment. It’s essential to plan and ensure that the investment aligns with your career goals.
  • Limited Availability: While Abbey Road Institute provides students with access to the U47 microphone, availability might be limited due to the demand. It’s important to plan your studio sessions accordingly.
  • Intense Competition: The field of music production and sound engineering can be highly competitive. It’s essential to put in the effort, continuously learn, and stand out from the crowd to thrive in the industry.

If you want even more great tips and information, check out the video below.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Here are some frequently asked questions about U47 microphones to quench your curiosity.

How can I gain access to the Neumann U47 microphone at Abbey Road Institute?

To get your hands on the iconic Neumann U47 microphone, you need to enroll in the Advanced Diploma in Music Production and Sound Engineering at Abbey Road Institute. This program offers students the opportunity to work with industry-standard equipment, including the legendary U47 microphone, unleashing their creative potential.

Are there any scholarships or financial aid options available for Abbey Road Institute?

Yes, indeed! Abbey Road Institute understands that pursuing education in music production and sound engineering can be a financial commitment. That’s why they offer various scholarship and financial aid options to help passionate individuals make their dreams a reality. Don’t let financial barriers hold you back from pursuing your sonic ambitions!

Can I visit Abbey Road Studios and see the microphone collection?

While Abbey Road Studios is a working studio and may not be open for regular public visits, you can still experience the magic by booking a studio tour. During the tour, you’ll get a chance to explore the hallowed halls and witness the legacy of the microphone collection firsthand, immersing yourself in the rich history of iconic recordings.


We’ve delved into the world of the legendary Neumann U47 microphone and the opportunities offered by Abbey Road Institute. From capturing buttery smooth sounds to being part of a thriving community, this journey has been music to our ears. Remember, when it comes to music production and sound engineering, it’s not just about the equipment or the courses—it’s about unleashing your creativity and passion.

So let me know if I covered everything you wanted to know in the comments section below (I read and reply to every comment). If you found this article helpful, don’t forget to share it with a friend. Keep exploring, keep learning, and keep making incredible music!

Key Takeaways

This article covered the fascinating world of the Neumann U47 microphone and Abbey Road Institute. Here are some key takeaways:

  • The Neumann U47 microphone is highly regarded for its detailed and smooth sound.
  • Abbey Road Institute offers access to industry-standard equipment, including the iconic U47 microphone.
  • The U47’s unique circuit design and components, such as the VF14 valve, contribute to its exceptional sound quality.
  • Abbey Road Studios boasts a collection of legendary microphones, with the U47 being a favorite of George Martin.
  • While public visits to Abbey Road Studios may be limited, booking a studio tour offers a glimpse into its rich history.

Helpful Resources

Image Andrew Ash
Written by Andrew Ash, Staff Writer

Hey there! My name is Andrew, and I'm relatively new to music production, but I've been learning a ton, and documenting my journey along the way. That's why I started this blog. If you want to improve your home studio setup and learn more along with me, this is the place for you!

Nick eggert.
Edited by Nick Eggert, Staff Editor

Nick is our staff editor and co-founder. He has a passion for writing, editing, and website development. His expertise lies in shaping content with precision and managing digital spaces with a keen eye for detail.

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